Voices of Polonia: Senator Barry Goldwater

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By Ted Rajchel Barry Goldwater served five terms in the United States Senate representing Arizona and was the 1964 Republican candidate for President of the United States. He was the author of the conscience of...

Voices of Polonia: Arthur Rubinstein—A Polish-American Classical Pianist

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By Ted Rajchel Background Arthur Rubinstein received international acclaim for his performances of the music written by a variety of composers. He was described by the New York Times as one of the greatest pianists of...

Voices of Polonia

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By Ted Rachel Esperanto is a constructed auxiliary language.  Its creator was Ludovic Lazarus Zamenhof, a Polish eye doctor.  He created the language to make international communication easier.  His goal was to design Esperanto in...

Voices of Polonia: Polish Female Pilots Serving During World War II

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  By Ted Rajchel     Background   Polish female pilots played a major role in the resistant movement in occupied Poland.  They often put themselves in the front lines of war.  Here are short biographies of four determined women...

Voices of Polonia: John Gronouski Jr.

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By Ted Rajchel As postmaster general, Gronouski added the use of the zip code, instituted a vertically improved mail system of delivery, proposed to do away with airmail postage, and reclassified first class mail as...

Voices of Polonia Bona Sforza, Italian, Queen of Poland

By Ted Rajchel Background Bona Sforza was an Italian princess, who became Queen of Poland in 1518, as the second wife of King Sigismund I of Poland. At that time no one anticipated how significant the...

Voices of Polonia – Nathan’s Coney Island Hot Dogs

By Ted Rajchel The hot dog is a classic American food. It is connected to Coney island, America’s most storied amusement resort. Nathan’s century old triumph of entrepreneurship is only part of the Ellis-Island- meets–Coney-Island...

Voices of Polonia: Kazimierz Czarnecki and Mary Jackson

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Kazimierz Czarnecki and Mary Jackson—Worked Together on the Space Program at NASA By Ted Rajchel Background Kazimierz Czarnecki (engineer) was born in Poland in 1916.  He was a Polish aeronautics engineer, who worked for NACA, later NASA....

Voices of Polonia: Witold Pilecki

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Witold Pilecki—Auschwitz Volunteer Who  Told the World About the Nazi Death Camp By Ted Rajchel Background Witold Pilecki was a Polish cavalry officer, intelligent agent, and resistance leader during World War II.  He volunteered to be captured...

Voices of Polonia: Jadwiga of Poland, Queen and Saint

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Jadwiga of Poland, Queen, and Saint Queen Jadwiga of Poland was the first female monarch of the Kingdom of Poland, reigning from the 16th of October 1384 until her death on the 17th of July...