by Roger Chambers
March is the beginning of spring, with the vernal equinox, early this year on March 19 due to Leap Year with 29 days in February. March is predictably unpredictable with the widest temperature swings of any month, with record high temperatures in the upper 80sF° and a record low temperature of -15°F in 1980.
The longer hours of daylight are even more noticeable with the annual “springing forward” of the clocks with Daylight Savings Time taking effect at 2 A.M. on Sunday, March 8. As this occurs, sunset shifts from about 6 P.M. to about 7 P.M. in one day. This creates more evening hours of daylight for outdoor activities into the early evening as sunset continues to move ever later until the summer solstice of June 21.
Some of the Mohawk Valley’s heaviest snow storms with well over twenty inches of snow have occurred in March. However, with generally warmer temperatures and daylight hours increasing with the sun higher in the sky, this new snow usually disappears within a few days.
Utica’s St. Patrick’s Day parade, daylight savings time and the vernal equinox are all annual signs that more pleasant weather is coming within a few weeks.
Holidays and Observances in March
March 1 St. David’s Day
March 2 Texas Independence Day
March 3 Town Meeting Day in Vermont (First Tuesday)
March 8 Daylight Savings Time Begins at 2:00 A.M.
March 8 International Women’s Day
March 9 Commonwealth Day (Canada)
March 15 Ides of March
March 17 St. Patrick’s Day; Evacuation Day (Suffolk County, Massachusetts)
March 19 St. Joseph’s Day
March 19 Vernal Equinox
March 21-22 Maple Weekend in New York State
March 28-29 Maple Weekend in New York State
March 30 Seward’s Day (Alaska)
March 31 Cesar Chavez Day
Maple sap begins to flow as days lengthen and days are warmer, and the season is best when warm (not too warm) days are followed by nights below freezing. New York State is one of the largest producers of maple syrup and maple based candies. In recognition of this, several years ago regional maple producers combined their efforts to promote these mostly relatively small scale producers.
Maple weekends, during the height of the season during late March, most producers across the state have open house activities. This usually includes pancake breakfasts and tours of the sugar bush by horse drawn wagon showing how the trees are tapped with a network of tubes. Many also showcase how this process has evolved over the years, providing a living history display of maple production.
This has all proven to be one of the earliest in the year and most popular festivals, based largely on the seasonal aspects of regional agriculture.
In the Night Skies
Venus is particularly bright this spring in the evening sky, often setting much later than usual, after 11 p.m.
March’s full moon is most commonly called the Full Worm Moon as the ground thaws and this favorite food of robins come to the surface. It is also known as the Full Crust Moon, as what snow there is tends to firmly crust over. Related to the sap run of maple trees, an important cultural seasonal agricultural product, it is also known as the Full Sap Moon.
The equinox is always on the 19th, 20th, or 21st of March, but this year on the 19th, at 11:50 P.M. It is earlier this year due to the extra days of Leap Year.
Don’t Forget! March 8 Shift to Daylight Savings Time at 2:00 A.M. (set clocks ahead on hour)
Rising & Setting Times of the Sun, Moon & Visible Planets on Vernal Equinox, March 19, 2020
Sunrise 7:03 A.M. Sunset 7:13 P.M.
Moonrise 5:07 P.M. Southeast Moonset 2:35 P.M. Southeast
Mercury rises 6:08 A.M. East
Venus Sets 11:18 P.M. Northwest
Mars rises 4:14 A.M. Southeast
Jupiter rises 4:13 A.M. Southeast
Saturn rises 4:37 A.M. Southeast
March Phases of the Moon for March 2020
March 2 First Quarter Moon
March 9 Full Worm Moon; also called Full Sap Moon, Full Crust Moon
March 16 Last Quarter Moon
March 24 New Moon